If your heart or lungs aren’t performing as they should, a cardiopulmonary stress test could provide vital insights into your health. As part of our medical services, Brunswick Pulmonary & Sleep Medicine offers cardiopulmonary stress testing to patients across Franklin Township and West Orange, as well as Somerset and Essex Counties, New Jersey. Find out more about undergoing a cardiopulmonary stress test in our state-of-the-art facility.
About Cardiopulmonary Stress Testing
Also known as a cardiopulmonary exercise test, a cardiopulmonary stress test is a non-invasive evaluation where doctors can determine how well a patient’s body handles physical exertion. During this test, our doctors are able to analyze several processes, such as:
- Lung function
- Heart performance
- Oxygen consumption
- Carbon dioxide production
- Oxygen saturation
Cardiopulmonary stress tests are performed in our office for patients who are scheduled for major surgery or rehabilitating after a serious illness. This test may also assess the effectiveness of certain medications and determine if they are the best course of treatment for the patient. The results of the test can be indicators of underlying health issues and serve as a way for providers to map out the next steps in patient care.
What Happens During a Stress Test?
From the initial testing to the final measurements, a cardiopulmonary stress test only lasts about 40 minutes. Our doctors start by measuring the patient’s vital signs to get a baseline reading of their breathing, blood pressure, and heart rate at rest. Then, the physical activity begins. Patients are asked to exercise on an exercise machine while being monitored periodically. The exercise itself is mild, requiring little exertion, and makes up only about 10 minutes of the entire appointment.
During the exercise period, our medical team evaluates the strength and capacity of the lungs by having the patient breathe into a special mouthpiece that measures their breathing rate. Heart rate and blood pressure are also monitored during this time. Once complete, the doctor will record the findings and discuss the results with the patient.
How to Prepare for Your Stress Test
Patients undergoing a cardiopulmonary stress test should continue taking any regular medications as prescribed. Before the test, patients should plan on wearing loose, breathable clothing that’s appropriate for exercise to ensure comfort and ease of movement. It’s also important to avoid the following activities:
- Eating a heavy meal at least two hours prior
- Drinking alcohol at least four hours prior
- Smoking at least one hour prior
- Strenuous exercise at least 30 minutes prior
If any further steps should be taken to prepare for your stress test, our providers will keep you informed. We ensure each patient feels prepared and ready before their appointment. At the time of arrival, our doctor also reviews the upcoming procedure and answers any questions our patients have.
Make a Cardiopulmonary Stress Test Appointment
Serving patients in Franklin Township, West Orange, Somerset County, and Essex County in NJ, Brunswick Pulmonary & Sleep Medicine can help pave the way toward better health. New patients can complete the registration form before their first appointment. Contact us today for more information about cardiopulmonary stress tests.